Senior health tips
Every day, you have a chance to make good choices about your health. There are many ways you can incorporate healthy activity into your day. Sometimes it's just knowing a little more about your health or sometimes it's finding out new information that makes a difference. Here are some basic health tips that you can start practicing today.
Previous senior health tips
Focus on the joy of living to uplift your spirit.
You have a spectrum of choices to help you. These are but a few:
- Enjoy the things you are able to do. Don’t dwell on what you can’t do.
- Pay attention to and savor what you are eating. Foods you are able to eat can be just as pleasurable as foods you may no longer be able to eat.
- Reconnect with friends and family.
Do the three types of exercises that are best for people with arthritis.
Half of all people age 65 and older have arthritis. Treatments for arthritis include medicines, exercise, use of heat or cold, weight control and/or surgery.
Three types of exercise are best for people with arthritis:
- Range-of-motion exercises help maintain normal joint movement and relieve stiffness. This type of exercise helps maintain or increase flexibility.
- Strengthening exercises help keep or increase muscle strength. Strong muscles help support and protect joints affected by arthritis.
- Aerobic or endurance exercises improve cardiovascular fitness, help control weight and improve overall function. Weight control can be important to people who have arthritis because extra weight puts extra pressure on many joints.
Take measures to prevent falls that can cause serious injury.
Falls put you at risk of serious injury. Prevent falls with these simple measures:
- Make an appointment with your doctor. Be prepared to answer questions such as what medications are you taking, or have you fallen before.
- Keep moving. Physical activity can go a long way toward fall prevention. Consider activities such as walking, or water workouts.
- Wear sensible shoes. Wear properly fitting, sturdy shoes with nonskid soles.
- Remove home hazards. Remove boxes, newspapers and electrical and phone cords from walkways. Remove loose rugs from your home, and use nonslip mats in your bathtub or shower.
- Light up your living space. Place night lights in your bedroom, bathroom and hallways. Place a lamp within reach of your bed for middle of the night needs.
- Use assistive devices. Your doctor might recommend using a cane or walker to keep you steady. You can also use hand rails on stairways, grab bars for the shower or tub and a sturdy plastic seat for the shower.
Know what to do to prevent the flu. Use this information.
Getting the flu shot is a smart idea. Here’s why:
- The flu shot makes a big difference in hospitalization and death rates among older adults who live at home and those in nursing homes.
- A high dose flu vaccine is made just for seniors. It has four times as much active ingredient as a regular flu shot to provide a better immune response in older people. It’s recommended for people 65 and older.
- Flu viruses change each year, so older adults need to get a new flu shot each fall.
Also, there are two vaccines to prevent pneumonia. If you’re a healthy adult over 65 years of age, health experts suggest you get both vaccines. The timing and sequence will vary depending on what vaccine you’ve had before.
Know when it is no longer safe to drive.
These are things to watch for:
- Attempting to proceed through a red light (treating it like a stop sign)
- Stopping at green lights
- Inattention to other motorists, pedestrians, or environmental situations
- Difficulty maintaining speeds-driving too fast or too slow
- Getting lost or losing vehicle in a crowded parking lot
- Increased anxiety or fear of driving in simple or familiar situations
For a driving evaluation and training, call Courage Center: 763-520-0425.
Keep your summer picnic foods safe to eat.
Play it safe this summer when it comes to picnic foods. Hot weather is the perfect time to picnic and cook outdoors, but hot weather also creates a perfect situation to grow harmful food germs. Keep your food and family safe by following these simple tips.
- Use a thermometer to make sure your grilled food is cooked to the perfect temperature to kill harmful food germs (160° for ground beef and 165° for chicken).
- Foods like cooked or raw meats and salads should be refrigerated before reaching 2 hours at room temperature. Above 90 degrees, food must be refrigerated within 1 hour.
- Don’t re-use marinades. Be sure to discard meat marinade used before grilling to prevent raw meat juices getting on your cooked food.
- Keep raw and cooked foods separated. If you’re getting ready to grill hot dogs, burgers or chicken, be sure to use one plate for the raw foods and a separate clean plate for the newly cooked foods. The same rule applies for tongs and other serving utensils.
- Wash hands properly by lathering and scrubbing hands for 20 seconds.
Choose fruits and vegetables from all 5 color groups for greatest health benefits.
Natural substances in fruits and vegetables called antioxidants protect your blood vessels from damage caused by cholesterol. This can reduce your risk for stroke and some heart diseases. Antioxidants also protect your body from damage that can lead to cancer.
- Choose fruits and vegetables from all 5 color groups: red, white, blue/purple, green and yellow/orange.
- Eat at least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables a day; one serving fits in the palm of your hand. (5 to 9 servings are recommended.)
Fruits and vegetables also provide vitamins, minerals and fiber for you.
Be aware of Alzheimer’s early warning signs to get early diagnosis and treatment.
Alzheimer’s is a type of dementia that causes problems with memory, thinking and behavior. Symptoms usually develop slowly and get worse over time, becoming severe enough to interfere with daily tasks.
Ten warning signs of Alzheimer’s disease
- Memory loss
- Difficulty performing familiar tasks
- Problems with language
- Disorientation to time and place
- Poor or decreased judgment
- Problems with abstract thinking, (such as problems balancing a checkbook.)
- Misplacing things
- Changes in mood or behavior
- Changes in personality
- Loss of initiative
If you or a loved one has been diagnosed with Alzheimer’s or a related dementia, you are not alone. The Alzheimer’s Association is the trusted resource for reliable information, education, referral or support.
Call the Alzheimer's Association 24/7 helpline or visit the website:
Try non-medical, lifestyle changes to help treat acid reflux disease known as GERD.
GERD – Gastro Esophageal Reflux Disease – is an illness from stomach acids that back up into your throat. GERD affects people of all ages from infants to adults.
Your doctor may recommend medicine to treat GERD or relieve symptoms. Here are some non-medical, lifestyle changes that also help.
- Elevate the head of the bed 6-8 inches.
- Lose weight.
- Stop smoking.
- Decrease alcohol and caffeine intake.
- Limit meal size and avoid heavy evening meals.
- Do not lie down within two to three hours of eating.
Take your blood pressure medicine correctly to control your blood pressure and avoid problems of uncontrolled blood pressure.
High blood pressure often does not have any symptoms but left uncontrolled it can lead to kidney damage, heart problems, and strokes.
Medications are an important part of managing high blood pressure, so here are tips to help:
- Take your medication only as prescribed so it works the way it should.
- ALWAYS talk to your doctor first before you stop taking your medication. Don't ever stop taking your medication on your own.
- Continue to take your medication after your blood pressure is lowered. You still need to take medication, perhaps over a lifetime, to keep your blood pressure normal.
Know the stroke warning signs so you can quickly get help and lessen serious problems.
When you have a stroke, your brain isn’t getting the blood it needs. The sooner you get help, the less likely you’ll have serious, lasting problems.
The FAST test is a quick way to check someone for symptoms
- FACE: Smile! (Does one side of their face droop?)
- ARMS: Raise both arms. (Is one higher than the other? Do they have a hard time holding one up?)
- SPEECH: Repeat a short, simple sentence like “Mary had a little lamb.” (Do they slur their words? Is it hard to understand them?)
- TIME: If any of these are “yes,” call 911 immediately.
If you feel down for days at a time and can’t get motivated to do activities you normally enjoy, see your doctor.
It’s normal to have some days when you feel down. However, if you feel down for days at a time and can’t get motivated to do activities you normally enjoy, it is time to see your doctor about treatment for depression. This is especially important if your sleep patterns and appetite have changed. It is also very important if you feel hopeless, think about suicide, or turn to alcohol for comfort.
If your symptoms start in the fall and continue into the winter months, you may have Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). SAD is a type of depression related to changes in seasons that can sap your energy and make you feel moody. Less often, SAD causes depression in the spring or summer. Treatment for SAD may include light therapy, medications and psychotherapy.