COVID-19 vaccine info for individuals

Johnson & Johnson vaccine update

On Tuesday, April 13, the CDC and FDA recommended temporarily pausing further administration of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine out of an abundance of extreme caution.

Thank you for your interest in the COVID-19 vaccine

Call 952-563-4960 to hear a recorded message with current vaccine information. Information is available in English, Somali and Spanish. Please consider sharing this number with friends and family who tend not to use computers heavily. 

Because limited doses of the COVID-19 vaccine are available, the vaccine is being distributed in phases. The goal for the first, limited supply of COVID-19 vaccine is to immunize for impact. This means offering vaccine to those at highest risk of getting COVID-19, and those most at risk of severe disease and complications. 

Bloomington Public Health has allocated all current vaccine for clinics serving priority groups identified by the Minnesota Department of Health. This includes those in frontline jobs and older adults who don’t have access to a vaccine elsewhere.

All Minnesotans will eventually have access to the vaccine. 

Get connected to your COVID-19 vaccine through Minnesota’s COVID-19 Vaccine Connector. Sign up online at or by calling 833-431-2053. When you become eligible to get the vaccine, the Vaccine Connector will let you know.

Thank you for your patience as we move through the distribution process in Minnesota.

Find a record of your COVID-19 vaccination

Did you misplace your COVID-19 vaccination card? The Minnesota Immunization Information Connection can provide a complete record of all a person's immunizations given in Minnesota, even if they were given by different health care providers in the state. Request your immunization record online or call their record request line at 651-201-3980.

Vaccine FAQ

When will I get my vaccine?

Even though we have three vaccines authorized for emergency use, it will still take time before everyone can get it. There are currently a limited number of vaccine doses available to states from the federal government. This means there is not enough vaccine for everyone who wants one yet.

The goal for the first, limited doses of COVID-19 vaccine is to immunize for impact – meaning Minnesota is offering vaccine to those at highest risk of getting COVID-19 and those most at risk of severe disease and complications if they get COVID-19.

As more people get vaccinated and more vaccine becomes available, more people will have their turn to get vaccinated. For more information, including who can get vaccinated now, see Stay Safe MN: Who's Getting Vaccinated.

Is the vaccine safe?

Having a safe and effective vaccine is the top priority. All vaccines go through clinical trials to test their safety and effectiveness, including vaccines for COVID-19. The manufacturers must present data that shows the vaccine is safe and that it works before it is approved for general populations.

This data is reviewed by scientific groups at the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). After a vaccine is authorized or approved for use, many safety monitoring systems are in place to watch for possible side effects. This monitoring is critical to help ensure that the benefits continue to outweigh the risks for people who receive vaccines.

Will the COVID-19 vaccine be required?

Minnesota will not require COVID-19 vaccines. The COVID-19 vaccine has been approved for use under an Emergency Use Authorization by the Food and Drug Administration. You have the right to refuse or accept the COVID-19 vaccine. The Bloomington Public Health Division strongly encourages you to get the COVID-19 vaccine once it is available to you. Getting the COVID-19 vaccine will help protect you, your family, co-workers, friends, and the larger community.

What are the ingredients in COVID-19 vaccines?

The three COVID-19 vaccines currently available in the United States do not contain eggs, preservatives, or latex. For a full list of ingredients, please see each vaccine’s Fact Sheet for Recipients and Caregivers:

How many shots of COVID-19 vaccine will be needed?

Two of the currently authorized vaccines to prevent COVID-19 (Pfizer and Moderna) require two shots to get the most protection, while the third vaccine (Janssen) requires one shot.

If you are receiving the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, you should get your second shot as close to the recommended 3-week or 1-month interval as possible. 

Additional COVID-19 vaccines are in Phase 3 clinical trials. 

How much will the COVID-19 vaccine cost?

The federal government covers the cost of the COVID-19 vaccine; it will be provided to people at no cost.

Providers will be able to charge an administration fee. You may be asked for your health insurance information when you get the vaccine, however, this is for the provider’s reimbursement only. There is no cost to you.

Will the vaccine be live or inactivated?

None of the three authorized vaccines contain the live virus that causes COVID-19.

Messenger RNA vaccines – also called mRNA vaccines – are a new type of vaccine to protect against infectious diseases. Both the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are mRNA vaccines. They teach our cells how to make a protein—or even a piece of a protein—that triggers an immune response inside our bodies.

The Janssen COVID-19 vaccine is a viral vector vaccine. Viral vector vaccines use a modified version of a different virus (the vector) to deliver important instructions to our cells.

You can learn more about the different COVID-19 vaccines from the CDC.

Will a COVID-19 vaccination protect me from getting sick with COVID-19?

Yes. COVID-19 vaccination works by teaching your immune system how to recognize and fight the virus that causes COVID-19, and this protects you from getting sick with COVID-19.

Being protected from getting sick is important because even though many people with COVID-19 have only a mild illness, others may get a severe illness, have long-term health effects, or even die. There is no way to know how COVID-19 will affect you, even if you don’t have an increased risk of developing severe complications.

If I’ve already had COVID-19 and recovered, do I still need to get a COVID-19 vaccine?

Yes, you should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19. That’s because experts do not yet know how long you are protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. Even if you have already recovered from COVID-19, it is possible—although rare—that you could be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 again. Learn more about why getting vaccinated is a safer way to build protection than getting infected.

If you were treated for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk to your doctor if you are unsure what treatments you received or if you have more questions about getting a COVID-19 vaccine.

Experts are still learning more about how long vaccines protect against COVID-19 in real-world conditions. CDC will keep the public informed as new evidence becomes available.

How long does it take after getting the COVID-19 vaccine until you have protection?

After your final COVID-19 vaccine dose, it takes about two weeks for your body to build up protection. After those two weeks, we know these vaccines are good at preventing people from getting sick, but we don't have enough data yet to say whether someone who was vaccinated may still spread the disease to others if they get infected with COVID-19.

It is important to continue to follow all public health guidance to reduce the spread of COVID-19 even after you have been fully vaccinated. This includes wearing a mask, staying 6 feet from others, avoiding crowds, washing your hands, and getting tested for COVID-19 when needed. Continue to follow guidance at your workplace, school, and other settings as well.

At this time, we do not know if this will be a vaccine that people need to get again, like needing a tetanus shot every 10 years or getting a flu shot every year.

Which lasts longer, immunity after getting COVID-19 or protection from COVID-19 vaccines?

The protection someone gains from having an infection (called “natural immunity”) varies depending on the disease. It also varies from person to person. Because this virus is new, we don’t know how long natural immunity might last. Current evidence suggests that getting the virus again (reinfection) is uncommon in the 90 days after the first infection with the virus that causes COVID-19.

We won’t know how long immunity lasts after vaccination until we have more data on how well COVID-19 vaccines work in real-world conditions.

Experts are working to learn more about both natural immunity and vaccine-induced immunity.

What if I have a weakened immune system?

COVID-19 vaccines may be given to people with underlying medical conditions provided they have not had a severe or immediate allergic reaction to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. While people in this category may receive the vaccine, they should be aware of the limited safety data. Visit the CDC’s website to learn more.

Do I need to wear a mask and avoid close contact with others if I have received two doses of the vaccine?

Yes. While experts learn more about the protection that COVID-19 vaccines provide under real-life conditions, it will be important for everyone to continue using all the tools available to help stop this pandemic. This includes wearing a face mask, washing hands often, staying at least 6 feet away from others and avoiding crowds.

Fully vaccinated individuals should still wear masks and socially distance in public areas.

Where can I get the latest updates about COVID-19 vaccines?

COVID-19 vaccine info for individuals 
City of Bloomington
This is the page you are now visiting. City staff update it regularly. Feel free to share it with others who are interested.

City of Bloomington
This vaccine hotline offers a recorded message with current vaccine information, and is also updated regularly. Information is available in English, Somali and Spanish.

COVID-19 vaccine
MN Department of Health
This is the home page for COVID-19 information from the state health department. There you’ll find vaccine data and information, guidance for providers, and general information about the coronavirus and Minnesota’s response.

COVID-19 vaccine
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
Information from the nation’s health protection agency about the COVID-19 vaccines.

Where can I learn more about the available vaccines?

Visit the CDC's Different COVID-19 Vaccines page for information about the vaccines currently authorized and recommended in the United States to prevent COVID-19.

Minnesota Department of Health FAQ video