COVID-19 vaccine info
Find a COVID-19 vaccine near you
Use Vaccines.gov to find a location near you, then call or visit their website to make an appointment.
Find a record of your COVID-19 vaccination
Did you misplace your COVID-19 vaccination card? The Minnesota Immunization Information Connection can provide a complete record of all a person's immunizations given in Minnesota, even if they were given by different health care providers in the state. Request your immunization record online or call their record request line at 651-201-3980.
FACT: There is currently no evidence that any vaccines, including COVID-19 vaccines, cause female or male fertility problems—problems getting pregnant.
If trying to get pregnant now or in the future, would-be parents can receive a COVID-19 vaccine.
CDC does not recommend routine pregnancy testing before COVID-19 vaccination. If you are trying to become pregnant, you do not need to avoid pregnancy after receiving a COVID-19 vaccine. Like with all vaccines, scientists are studying COVID-19 vaccines carefully for side effects now and will report findings as they become available.
It is important to remember that pregnant people are at a higher risk of severe illness with COVID-19 and that there are known benefits of vaccination. Hear from , OB-GYN, about why she recommends the COVID-19 vaccine to her patients.
Learn more about from the Minnesota Department of Health.
FACT: The COVID-19 vaccines do not contain any animal byproducts, including eggs, milk, pork, or gelatin. They also do not contain latex or preservatives.
Before you are given a vaccine, you will receive a vaccine fact sheet (either electronically or print) that includes a full ingredient list. It is very rare for people to be allergic to the vaccine ingredients. Only 1 out of 100,000 people had a major allergic reaction that occurred within 15 minutes of vaccination. To be safe, people are asked to wait 15 minutes after getting the vaccine. All clinics have access to medicine to treat an allergic reaction.
The Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines contain only four types of ingredients:
- “mRNA” is the active ingredient in the vaccine. It contains the instructions for our body to make just one small part of the virus. This one part CANNOT cause disease. This small part of the virus alerts our immune system to fight against it. Once our immune systems builds up antibodies, it will recognize the real coronavirus if we are exposed. This is how the vaccine protects us from getting COVID-19.
- Lipids (fats) protect the “mRNA” and make it a little greasy so it can enter the cell to make the small part of the virus.
- Salts/acids help balance the acidity in the body and preserves the vaccine.
- Sugar (table sugar) helps protect the vaccine when it is frozen.
The Johnson & Johnson vaccine contains the following types of ingredients:
- The vector: a different, harmless virus (not the virus that causes COVID-19) that helps our body to produce an immune response.
- Common preservatives and stabilizers, such as citric acid powder, which are used in medications and vaccines to help keep active ingredients stable.
- Salts/acids help balance the acidity in the body and preserves the vaccine.
- Ingredients that help the vaccine solution to be used by your body, also known as solubility.
All available vaccines are safe and effective. The vaccines will protect you and your family.
FACT: All available COVID-19 vaccines are safe and effective. No safety steps have been skipped in making the COVID-19 vaccines.
There are many reasons why the COVID-19 vaccines could be developed quickly – and – are still safe and effective. Here are a few:
- The method used for the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines has been in development for years. This made it easier for companies to move rapidly.
- The genetic code of COVID-19 was identified and shared quickly. Scientists could start working on vaccines right away.
- The vaccine developers didn’t skip any testing steps. They overlapped the timing of some of the steps so they could gather data faster.
- Vaccine projects had plenty of resources. The government invested in research and/or paid for vaccines in advance.
- The Pfizer and Moderna vaccines used a faster development technique than traditional vaccines.
- Many people were willing to help with the COVID-19 vaccine research. Social media helped find and engage study volunteers in a very short period of time.
- COVID-19 is very contagious and widespread, so it did not take long to see if the vaccine worked in the study volunteers.
- The government paid companies to make the vaccines early in the process, before they got authorization. This meant there were vaccine doses ready to ship as soon as they were authorized by the FDA.
No steps or safety measures were skipped. The COVID-19 vaccines are safe and work for everyone in the authorized age groups (currently ages 12 and older).
Source: John Hopkins Medicine
Having a safe and effective vaccine is the top priority. All vaccines go through clinical trials to test their safety and effectiveness, including vaccines for COVID-19. The manufacturers must present data that shows the vaccine is safe and that it works before it is approved for general populations.
This data is reviewed by scientific groups at the Food and Drug Administration and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). After a vaccine is authorized or approved for use, many safety monitoring systems are in place to watch for possible side effects. This monitoring is critical to help ensure that the benefits continue to outweigh the risks for people who receive vaccines.
Minnesota will not require COVID-19 vaccines. The COVID-19 vaccine has been approved for use under an Emergency Use Authorization by the Food and Drug Administration. You have the right to refuse or accept the COVID-19 vaccine. The Bloomington Public Health Division strongly encourages you to get the COVID-19 vaccine once it is available to you. Getting the COVID-19 vaccine will help protect you, your family, co-workers, friends, and the larger community.
The three COVID-19 vaccines currently available in the United States do not contain eggs, preservatives, or latex. For a full list of ingredients, please see each vaccine’s Fact Sheet for Recipients and Caregivers:
- Pfizer-BioNTech COVID-19 vaccine
- Moderna COVID-19 vaccine
- Janssen (Johnson & Johnson) COVID-19 vaccine
Two of the currently authorized vaccines to prevent COVID-19 (Pfizer and Moderna) require two shots to get the most protection, while the third vaccine (Janssen) requires one shot.
- Pfizer-BioNTech doses should be given 3 weeks (21 days) apart
- Moderna doses should be given 1 month (28 days) apart
- Janssen: one dose
If you are receiving the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine, you should get your second shot as close to the recommended 3-week or 1-month interval as possible. However, your second dose may be given up to 6 weeks (42 days) after the first dose, if necessary. You should not get the second dose earlier than the recommended interval.
Additional COVID-19 vaccines are in Phase 3 clinical trials.
There are currently no recommendations to get a booster dose of COVID-19 vaccine. This means people who are fully vaccinated (two doses in a two-dose series, one dose in a one-dose series) do not need to seek out an additional vaccine dose of any brand.
Medical researchers are continuing to study how long protection lasts and how variants affect how well the vaccine works. It is possible people may need a booster dose of COVID-19 vaccine, like needing a tetanus shot every 10 years or getting a flu shot every year. We will provide more information if recommendations change.
The federal government is providing the vaccine free of charge to all people living in the United States, regardless of their immigration or health insurance status.
Providers will be able to charge an administration fee. You may be asked for your health insurance information when you get the vaccine, however, this is for the provider’s reimbursement only. There is no cost to you.
None of the three authorized vaccines contain the live virus that causes COVID-19.
Messenger RNA vaccines – also called mRNA vaccines – are a new type of vaccine to protect against infectious diseases. Both the Pfizer and Moderna COVID-19 vaccines are mRNA vaccines. They teach our cells how to make a protein—or even a piece of a protein—that triggers an immune response inside our bodies.
The Janssen COVID-19 vaccine is a viral vector vaccine. Viral vector vaccines use a modified version of a different virus (the vector) to deliver important instructions to our cells.
You can learn more about the different COVID-19 vaccines from the CDC.
Yes, you should be vaccinated regardless of whether you already had COVID-19. That’s because experts do not yet know how long you are protected from getting sick again after recovering from COVID-19. Even if you have already recovered from COVID-19, it is possible—although rare—that you could be infected with the virus that causes COVID-19 again. Learn more about why getting vaccinated is a safer way to build protection than getting infected.
If you were treated for COVID-19 with monoclonal antibodies or convalescent plasma, you should wait 90 days before getting a COVID-19 vaccine. Talk to your doctor if you are unsure what treatments you received or if you have more questions about getting a COVID-19 vaccine.
Experts are still learning more about how long vaccines protect against COVID-19 in real-world conditions. CDC will keep the public informed as new evidence becomes available.
After your final COVID-19 vaccine dose, it takes about two weeks for your body to build up protection. After those two weeks, we know these vaccines are good at preventing people from getting sick, but we don't have enough data yet to say whether someone who was vaccinated may still spread the disease to others if they get infected with COVID-19.
It is important to continue to follow all public health guidance to reduce the spread of COVID-19 even after you have been fully vaccinated. This includes wearing a mask, staying 6 feet from others, avoiding crowds, washing your hands, and getting tested for COVID-19 when needed. Continue to follow guidance at your workplace, school, and other settings as well.
At this time, we do not know if this will be a vaccine that people need to get again, like needing a tetanus shot every 10 years or getting a flu shot every year.
The protection someone gains from having an infection (called “natural immunity”) varies depending on the disease. It also varies from person to person. Because this virus is new, we don’t know how long natural immunity might last. Current evidence suggests that getting the virus again (reinfection) is uncommon in the 90 days after the first infection with the virus that causes COVID-19.
We won’t know how long immunity lasts after vaccination until we have more data on how well COVID-19 vaccines work in real-world conditions.
Experts are working to learn more about both natural immunity and vaccine-induced immunity.
COVID-19 vaccines may be given to people with underlying medical conditions provided they have not had a severe or immediate allergic reaction to any of the ingredients in the vaccine. While people in this category may receive the vaccine, they should be aware of the limited safety data. Visit the CDC’s website to learn more.
No. Fully vaccinated people can resume activities without wearing a mask or physically distancing, except where required by federal, state, local, tribal, or territorial laws, rules, and regulations, including local business and workplace guidance. If you are fully vaccinated, you can resume activities that you did before the pandemic.
Additional recommendations can be found at When You’ve Been Fully Vaccinated.
Many people have questions and concerns about the new COVID-19 vaccines. This is normal. Focus on what you have in common with that other person. For example, perhaps both of you care about kids or personal wellness. Use that common ground as a starting point. If you feel comfortable with this person, try to find out what their specific concern is. If you think it’s helpful, share your personal reasons for getting the vaccine.
Sometimes people wonder about the speed in which the vaccines were developed. The important thing to remember is that no safety steps were skipped in making the COVID-19 vaccines. They have gone through the same safety steps and studies as other vaccines. Medical researchers were able to make the vaccines quickly because of years of earlier research and funds from the federal government. Messenger RNA vaccines, such as the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines, have been studied for years.
Sometimes people are worried about what side effects they may have. What’s important to know is that the side effects from your vaccine are mild compared to having COVID-19 disease. The most common side effects are pain, swelling, or redness where the shot was given; having headaches; feeling achy; tiredness; and low-grade fevers. This means your body is responding to the vaccine. It is also okay if you do not have any side effects. Each person responds differently to vaccines.
Vaccine breakthrough cases are expected. COVID-19 vaccines are very effective and are a critical tool to bring the pandemic under control. However, no vaccines are 100% effective at preventing illness. There will be a small percentage of people who are fully vaccinated who still get sick, are hospitalized, or die from COVID-19. At the same time, there is evidence that vaccination may make illness less severe.
Millions of people in the United States have been fully vaccinated. Despite COVID-19 being prevalent in the community, the U.S. is experiencing a very small percentage of breakthrough cases. This speaks to the vaccines’ effectiveness.
When you hear about someone getting COVID-19 after being vaccinated, it may be that they were exposed to someone with COVID-19 a few days before or after their first or second dose. It takes two weeks after your final dose before you are fully vaccinated against COVID-19. And, while data suggest that COVID-19 vaccines offer protection against most variants, some variants might cause illness in some people after they are fully vaccinated.
Learn more about the possibility of COVID-19 illness after vaccination.
Bloomington Public Health recommends getting tested if you have COVID-19 symptoms, even if you have been fully vaccinated. Public Health recommends a PCR test instead of a rapid antibody test. A rapid antibody test may detect the antibodies from a vaccine. The PCR test detects the presence of a virus if you are infected. A fully vaccinated individual will not test positive on these tests, because the vaccines do not contain the live virus.
Studies suggest that antibodies produced by the COVID-19 vaccines do recognize the variants circulating in the U.S. According to the World Health Organization, the vaccines are expected to provide at least some protection against new virus variants because these vaccines elicit a broad immune response involving a range of antibodies and cells. More studies are underway.
COVID-19 vaccine info for individuals (City of Bloomington)
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COVID-19 vaccine (MN Department of Health)
This is the home page for COVID-19 information from the state health department. There you’ll find vaccine data and information, guidance for providers, and general information about the coronavirus and Minnesota’s response.
COVID-19 vaccine (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Information from the nation’s health protection agency about the COVID-19 vaccines.