Every ten years, cities are required to redraw their Council Member district boundaries based on the population counts from the census. On March 21, 2022, Bloomington City Council approved its Council Member districts and precinct boundaries based on the population count of the 2020 Census.
Redistricting is the process of redrawing the boundaries of election districts. This occurs every 10 years following the federal census. In 2022, Bloomington established its Council Member district boundaries and precinct boundaries as part of the redistricting process.
As population grows and changes, it is important that district boundaries are distributed evenly, and that the population of each district is equally represented. The Bloomington City Charter requires that the population of the most populous City Council district be within 5 percent of the population of the least populous City Council district.
The City must follow numerous legal requirements when redistricting its Council Member districts and precinct boundaries. In general, these are the requirements that must be followed:
Precinct boundaries cannot cross legislative boundaries (i.e., congressional, senate and house districts).
District boundaries cannot be drawn with either the purpose or effect of denying or abridging the voting rights of any United States citizen on account of race, ethnicity, or membership in a language minority group.
Polling places must be located within or no more than 1 mile outside of the precinct boundaries.
Polling places must be ADA accessible, have sufficient space and parking, and be free of alcohol and tobacco.
The population of the most populous City Council district must be within 5 percent of the population of the least populous City Council district. District boundaries must be formed by the centerlines of an east-west street and north-south street, and as those centerlines are extended. Street centerlines must be nearest to imaginary east-west and north-south lines which divide the population of the city into north-south and east-west halves.
The centerline running east-west and dividing the population into a north and south half must be determined first and must be continuous. The centerlines dividing the population into east and west quarters must then be determined and need not be continuous.
The districts are known as:
District Number 1 is the southeast quadrant of the city, as determined herein.
District Number 2 is the southwest quadrant of the city, as determined herein.
District Number 3 is the northwest quadrant of the city, as determined herein.
District Number 4 is the northeast quadrant of the city, as determined herein.